Affricate Consonant Sounds


– English has two affricate sounds, /tʃ/ and /dʒ/:

/tʃ/ choosing, beach

/dʒ/ joy, siege

How do you produce affricate sounds?

  • Affricates start as plosives then release into fricatives.
  • /tʃ/ and /dʒ/ use the same mouth positions.
  • Firstly, touch your tongue on the alveolar ridge (as if about to pronounce /t/ or /d/).
  • Secondly, roll your tongue into the post-alveolar position (as in /ʃ/ or /ʒ/).

MOUTH POSITIONS

affricate-positions

 

WORD DRILL

Repeat the following:

/tʃ/ chin, beach, switch, chilling, change, chops, China, fetch, chilli.

/dʒ/ pledge, judge, jury, orange, jumping, Jack, hedge, surge, jig.

SENTENCE DRILL

Practise saying the sentences, focusing on the affricates:

/tʃ/

A. Charlie cheerfully checked for more scotch.
B. Please Fetch the mature cheddar cheese.
C. It was a challenge not to cheat at the chess championship.

/dʒ/

D. John hit Jim’s Jaguar with an orange.
E. Jemima’s huge Jeep is outrageous.
F. Just do your duty General, the soldiers are counting on you.

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