How to Pronounce ‘have’

Listen to the conversation- How many pronunciations of ‘have’ can you hear?

A. Have you finished?
B. No, I haven’t. How much have you done?
A. I’ve done about half. Shall we have a break?
B. But we have to finish it by 6!
A. Oh come, on! We have been working all day.

There are six different pronunciations of ‘have’ in the dialogue:
A. Have /həv/ you finished?
B. No, I haven’t /hævnt/. How much’ve /əv/ you done?
A. I’ve /v/ done about half. Shall we have /hæv/ a break?
B. But we have /hæf/ to finish it by 6!
A. Oh come, on! We have /hæv/ been working all day.

How is ‘have’ pronounced?

  • If the function word ‘have’ is weak (unstressed) it is pronounced as:
    -/həv/ at the beginning of a sentence.
    -/əv/ after a consonant
    -/v/ after a vowel.
  • If the function word ‘have’ is strong (stressed) it is pronounced as /hæv/.
  • When ‘have’ is a content word it is pronounced as /hæv/.
  • The negative form of ‘have’ is always pronounced as /hævənt/.
  • As a modal verb of obligation as in ‘have to’, ‘have’ is pronounced: /hæf/.

DRILL

Weak Function Word: /həv/, /əv/, /v/:
Have you finished?/ What’ve you done?/ I’ve seen it.

Strong Function Word: /hæv/: I have finished

Content Word /hæv/: Can I have a piece?

Negative /hævnt/: Haven’t you finished yet?

Modal obligation /hæf/: I have to go.

 

EXERCISE

Listen to the recording and decide which pronunciation of ‘have’ is used.

A. Can I have a go?
B. You have got to be joking.
C. Have you ever seen a whale?
D. We have been here before you know!
E. I have to go.
F. I simply won’t have it.
G. Why haven’t they arrived yet.
H. Haven’t you heard?
I. Where have you been?
J. Have they got any idea?

A. Can I have /hæv/ a go?
B. You’ve /v/ got to be joking.
C. Have /həv/ you ever seen a whale?
D. We have /hæv/ been here before you know!
E. I have /hæf/ to go.
F. I simply won’t have /hæv/ it.
G. Why haven’t /hævnt/ they arrived yet.
H. Haven’t /hævnt/ you heard?
I. Where have /əv/ you been?
J. Have /həv/ they got any idea?
ShareShare on Facebook0Share on Google+0Share on LinkedIn0Email this to someoneTweet about this on TwitterShare on VK