Unusual ‘ed’ Endings

Listen to the following sentences, paying close attention to the ‘ed’ sounds. Are they the same or different?

He’s a learned man.

We learned a lot.

Both ‘ed’ endings are pronounced differently:
-He’s a learned man. /ɪd/
-We learned a lot. /d/

Which words with ‘ed’ endings are pronounced unusually?

  • Some ‘ed’ endings do not follow the usual ‘ed’ endings rule (see post).
  • The words that do not follow the rule are usually adjectives pronounced as /ɪd/.


The following ‘ed’ endings are pronounced as /ɪd/. Listen and repeat the words:

blessed /ˈblesɪd/
jagged /ˈdʒægɪd/
naked /ˈneɪkɪd/
sacred /ˈseɪkrɪd/
wretched /ˈretʃɪd/
legged /ˈlegɪd/
aged /ˈeɪdʒɪd/
crooked /ˈkrʊkɪd/
learned /ˈlɜ:nɪd/
ragged /ˈrægɪd/
wicked /ˈwɪkɪd/
beloved /ˈbɪˈlʌvɪd/
rugged /ˈrʌgɪd/
dogged /ˈdɒgɪd/


Listen to the audio and decide which word is pronounced as /ɪd/.

1.a. We need to do more to help the aged.
b. My brother hasn’t aged very well.

2.a. A priest blessed our son when he was born.
b. Blessed be those who are holy.

3.a. I crooked my head round the door to see.
b. Go up the crooked stairway.

4.a. My father is a learned man.
b. Sally hasn’t learned the alphabet yet.

5.a. He legged it before I could catch him.
b. Who won the three-legged race?

1. a 2. b 3. b 4. a 5. b

‘ed’ Endings are covered in ‘The Sound of English’ course book and on all accent reduction courses at Pronunciation Studio.