TH Fronting

TH Fronting

AUDIO KEY: Manchester (bold)

In many areas of England, particularly in big cities like Manchester, some speakers don’t pronounce < th > words with /θ,ð/, instead they use /f,v/: THANKS, THEATRE, BROTHER. 

So the word THREE is pronounced in the same way as FREE. This is known as ‘th fronting’ because the sound is made further to the front of the mouth.

Listen and decide if the sentences contain dental (θ, ð) or front (f,v) TH sounds:

1. I think so. /θ,ð/ /f,v/

2. That’s pathetic. /θ,ð/ /f,v/

3. Think nothing of it. /θ,ð/ /f,v/

4. It’s further than I thought. /θ,ð/ /f,v/

5. This is the seventh time. /θ,ð/ /f,v/

6. Thanks, that’s so thoughtful! /θ,ð/ /f,v/

7. They’re really thirsty. /θ,ð/ /f,v/

8. The thing is,  he’s my brother! /θ,ð/ /f,v/

Answers & Audio

1. women
2. once
3. again
4. business
5. says
6. does
7. friend
8. built
9. flood
10. sausage

 

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AUDIO KEY: Manchester (bold) In many areas of England, particularly in big cities like Manchester, some speakers don’t pronounce < th > words with /θ,ð/, instead they use /f,v/: THANKS, THEATRE, BROTHER.  So the word THREE is pronounced in the same way as FREE....

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/ʊə/

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Diphthong Vowel Word Construction

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- Make 2 (or more) common words by placing diphthong sounds in the gaps:1. /b_t/    2. /n_/    nay, neigh /neɪ/ nigh /nʌɪ/ no, know /nəʊ/ now /aʊ/ near /ɪə/ 3. /fl_/    flay /fleɪ/ fly /flʌɪ/ flow /fləʊ/ 4. /pl_/    play /pleɪ/ ploy /plɔɪ/ ply /plʌɪ/ plough /plaʊ/ 5....

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Endings

Endings

– What is the difference in the way < s > is pronounced in these words?

locks

/lɒks/

logs

/lɒgz/

Answer

‘locks’ is pronounced with voiceless /s/, ‘logs’ is pronounced with voiced /z/.

If you add < s > to a word, it is pronounced: 

– /z/ after a voiced sound (he’s, hands, loves).
– /s/ after a voiceless sound (it’s, facts, rocks).
/ɪz/ after /s, z, ʃ, ʒ, tʃ, dʒ/ (see next page).

– Is the < s > ending pronounced /s/ or /z/ in each word?

– How is the < s > ending in ‘roses’ pronounced?

An < es > or < s > ending after /s, z, ʃ, ʒ, tʃ, dʒ/ is pronounced /ɪz/ (misses, phases, watches, fudges).

– Add an < s > or < es > ending to the words to repeat with the audio:

rose  judge  James  ridge
mortgage  bus  rich  miss
cheese  fox  hatch  Jones
fuss  raise  cottage

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Homophones

Homophones

  Match each IPA transcription to 2 pictures:

/pɛː/             /flaʊə/

Answer & Audio

/pɛː/ = PEAR (the fruit) & PAIR (of boots)
/flaʊə/ = FLOWER & FLOUR

2 or more words with the same pronunciation are homophones. 

  Match each IPA transcription to 2 pictures:

  Think of another word with identical pronunciation in ‘Homophone’.

Answers & Audio

1. /nəʊz/ nose knows
2. /s
ɔː/ sore saw
3. /pɔːz/ pause paws
4. /θruː/ through threw
5. /ˈsteɪʃ(ə)n(ə)ri/ stationery stationary
6. /hɛː/ hare hair
7. /ʃɪə/ shear sheer
8. /θrəʊn/ thrown throne
9. /siːz/ seize seas/sees
10. /ðɛː/ there their/they’re

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AUDIO KEY: Manchester (bold) In many areas of England, particularly in big cities like Manchester, some speakers don’t pronounce < th > words with /θ,ð/, instead they use /f,v/: THANKS, THEATRE, BROTHER.  So the word THREE is pronounced in the same way as FREE....

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