Long Vowel Sounds
Standard English pronunciation has 6 long vowel phonemes:
NOTE – /ɛː/ is represented as a diphthong vowel sound /eə/ in some IPA charts.
Long Vowel Spellings
Common spellings for each long vowel sound are underlined below:
/iː/ sheet, leaf, niece
/uː/ few, mood, two
/əː/ first, burn, worst
/ɔː/ fall, paw, sort
/ɛː/ dare, hair, bear
/ɑː/ far, dance*, palm
*Pronounced with short /a/ in northern English accents.
Learn English IPA (44 sounds)
Use the interactive IPA chart and practice activities to master the sounds of English.