Rhotic vs Non-Rhotic

Rhotic vs Non-Rhotic

AUDIO KEY: West Country (bold), Standard (italic)

In the South West of England where the ‘West Country’ accent is spoken, people pronounce every written < r >, so words like SHARK, HORSE and SPIDER all contain /r/. This is also true of most American, Irish and Scottish accents: they are ‘RHOTIC’.  

Standard English (GB) is NON-RHOTIC, ‘r’ is silent except before a vowel sound: /ʃɑ:k/,
/hɔːs/ and /ˈspʌɪdə/.

Listen and decide if the word is pronounced  in rhotic West Country (WC) or non-rhotic Standard (GB):

1. bird    WC  GB

2. mother  WC  GB

3. car     WC  GB

4. there   WC  GB

5. aren’t  WC  GB

6. port    WC  GB

7. park    WC  GB

8. four    WC  GB

9. thirst  WC  GB

10. nearly WC  GB

11. worth  WC  GB

12. tour   WC  GB

Answers & Audio

1. women
2. once
3. again
4. business
5. says
6. does
7. friend
8. built
9. flood
10. sausage

 

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American vs British < er >

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In Standard American (GA) English the final ‘r’ is pronounced so words with ‘er’ endings like SHIVER, FIGHTER and SLOWER, end with /r/.  In Standard British English (GB) the final ‘r’ is silent, so these same words end with a schwa: /wɪntə/, /fʌɪtə/ and /sləʊə/.      ...

/ʊə/

/ʊə/

/ʊə/Security during the tournament was poor.The plural of tour is surely ‘tours’. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

Diphthong Expressions

Diphthong Expressions

1. “so so” /əʊ/ 2. “pay day” /eɪ/ 3. “hear hear” /ɪə/ 4. “high time” /ʌɪ/ 5. “out and out” /aʊ/ 6. “hoity toity” /ɔɪ/     Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

Diphthong Vowel Word Construction

Diphthong Vowel Word Construction

- Make 2 (or more) common words by placing diphthong sounds in the gaps:1. /b_t/    2. /n_/    nay, neigh /neɪ/ nigh /nʌɪ/ no, know /nəʊ/ now /aʊ/ near /ɪə/ 3. /fl_/    flay /fleɪ/ fly /flʌɪ/ flow /fləʊ/ 4. /pl_/    play /pleɪ/ ploy /plɔɪ/ ply /plʌɪ/ plough /plaʊ/ 5....

/ɔɪ/

/ɔɪ/

/ɔɪ/The annoying noises spoilt the boy’s joy. My choice as employer is to appoint Floyd. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

/ʌɪ/

/ʌɪ/

/ʌɪ/ Fine wine and light bites tonight. I dislike high and mighty types. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

/əʊ/

/əʊ/

/əʊ/ No, don’t moan over the phone. Although the road is soaked, he’ll go. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

Silent < l >

Silent < l >

– Listen to these words pronounced very slowly:

– Can you hear a difference in the pronunciation of < l >?

In GB English:
< l > is pronounced as clear /l/ before a
vowel sound or /j/
.
< l > is pronounced as dark [ɫ] before a 
consonant sound or with no following sound. 

– Choose whether the word is pronounced with clear /l/ or dark [ɫ]:

Answers & Audio

1. pale [ɫ]
2. parlour /l/
3. cold [ɫ]
4. collide /l/
5. clean /l/
6. uncle [ɫ]
7. soul [ɫ]
8. slow /l/
9. loop /l/
 
10. pool [ɫ]

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Rhotic vs Non-Rhotic

Rhotic vs Non-Rhotic

AUDIO KEY: West Country (bold), Standard (italic) In the South West of England where the ‘West Country’ accent is spoken, people pronounce every written < r >, so words like SHARK, HORSE and SPIDER all contain /r/. This is also true of most American, Irish and...

Silent < l >

Silent < l >

- Listen to these words pronounced very slowly:- Can you hear a difference in the pronunciation of < l >?In GB English: < l > is pronounced as clear /l/ before a vowel sound or /j/. < l > is pronounced as dark [ɫ] before a consonant sound or with no...

Linking /r/

Linking /r/

- Listen to the sentence - how many < r > are pronounced?There are four eggs. 2 /r/ are pronounced: There are four eggs. /ðər    ə   fɔːr   ɛgz/     In connected speech, a word ending < r > or < re > will join to the next word with /r/ if...

Silent < r >

Silent < r >

- Match the IPA transcriptions below to the countries:- Which country names contain a silent < r >?  Turkey, Norway and Qatar contain silent < r > in GB English. In GB English < r >: - is pronounced before a vowel sound. - is silent before a...

[ɫ]

[ɫ]

[ɫ]All the people fill several halls, it’s incredible! Well, their medal’s official, so we’ll call them, shall we? Previous & Next LessonsRelated Lessons

/l/

/l/

/l/Lonely and lost, Clive left England for Italy. Please close and lock the place quickly, leave your belongings. Previous & Next Lessons← /j/ [ɫ] → Related Lessons

/j/

/j/

/j/ Yes, I usually queue but yesterday I refused.  A few nuisance youths were due on Tuesday. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

/r/

/r/

/r/ Rain is predicted so it’s really risky for the Red Arrows. Rightly or wrongly, rents have increased throughout Britain. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

/w/

/w/

/w/ Why won’t anyone wish me well on my twentieth? Well, this quote by Wilde is quite wonderful. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

Linking /r/

Linking /r/

– Listen to the sentence – how many < r > are pronounced?

There are four eggs.

Answer

2 /r/ are pronounced:

There are four eggs.
/ðər    ə   fɔːr   ɛgz/

 

 

In connected speech, a word ending < r > or < re > will join to the next word with /r/ if the following word begins with a vowel sound.

– Circle one silent < r > and underline one linking /r/ in each sentence:

Answers & Audio

Previous & Next Lessons

Related Lessons

Rhotic vs Non-Rhotic

Rhotic vs Non-Rhotic

AUDIO KEY: West Country (bold), Standard (italic) In the South West of England where the ‘West Country’ accent is spoken, people pronounce every written < r >, so words like SHARK, HORSE and SPIDER all contain /r/. This is also true of most American, Irish and...

Silent < l >

Silent < l >

- Listen to these words pronounced very slowly:- Can you hear a difference in the pronunciation of < l >?In GB English: < l > is pronounced as clear /l/ before a vowel sound or /j/. < l > is pronounced as dark [ɫ] before a consonant sound or with no...

Linking /r/

Linking /r/

- Listen to the sentence - how many < r > are pronounced?There are four eggs. 2 /r/ are pronounced: There are four eggs. /ðər    ə   fɔːr   ɛgz/     In connected speech, a word ending < r > or < re > will join to the next word with /r/ if...

Silent < r >

Silent < r >

- Match the IPA transcriptions below to the countries:- Which country names contain a silent < r >?  Turkey, Norway and Qatar contain silent < r > in GB English. In GB English < r >: - is pronounced before a vowel sound. - is silent before a...

[ɫ]

[ɫ]

[ɫ]All the people fill several halls, it’s incredible! Well, their medal’s official, so we’ll call them, shall we? Previous & Next LessonsRelated Lessons

/l/

/l/

/l/Lonely and lost, Clive left England for Italy. Please close and lock the place quickly, leave your belongings. Previous & Next Lessons← /j/ [ɫ] → Related Lessons

/j/

/j/

/j/ Yes, I usually queue but yesterday I refused.  A few nuisance youths were due on Tuesday. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

/r/

/r/

/r/ Rain is predicted so it’s really risky for the Red Arrows. Rightly or wrongly, rents have increased throughout Britain. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

/w/

/w/

/w/ Why won’t anyone wish me well on my twentieth? Well, this quote by Wilde is quite wonderful. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

Silent < r >

Silent < r >

– Match the IPA transcriptions below to the countries:

– Which country names contain a silent < r >? 

Answer & Audio

Turkey, Norway and Qatar contain silent < r > in GB English.

In GB English < r >:

– is pronounced before a vowel sound.
– is silent before a consonant sound. 
– is silent if no sound follows.

farm sir earn burn born war shore
 mother persist clearly where barely

– Which words contain silent < r >?

Answers & Audio

Words that contain silent < r >:

worse, court, sailor, beer, pair, particular, internal, garment

– Pronounce the names of these animals with silent < r >:

Answers & Audio

worm /wəːm/
bird /bəːd/
lizard /ˈlɪzəd/
shark /ʃɑːk/
horse /hɔːs/
lobster /ˈlɒbstə/

Previous & Next Lessons

Related Lessons

Rhotic vs Non-Rhotic

Rhotic vs Non-Rhotic

AUDIO KEY: West Country (bold), Standard (italic) In the South West of England where the ‘West Country’ accent is spoken, people pronounce every written < r >, so words like SHARK, HORSE and SPIDER all contain /r/. This is also true of most American, Irish and...

Silent < l >

Silent < l >

- Listen to these words pronounced very slowly:- Can you hear a difference in the pronunciation of < l >?In GB English: < l > is pronounced as clear /l/ before a vowel sound or /j/. < l > is pronounced as dark [ɫ] before a consonant sound or with no...

Linking /r/

Linking /r/

- Listen to the sentence - how many < r > are pronounced?There are four eggs. 2 /r/ are pronounced: There are four eggs. /ðər    ə   fɔːr   ɛgz/     In connected speech, a word ending < r > or < re > will join to the next word with /r/ if...

Silent < r >

Silent < r >

- Match the IPA transcriptions below to the countries:- Which country names contain a silent < r >?  Turkey, Norway and Qatar contain silent < r > in GB English. In GB English < r >: - is pronounced before a vowel sound. - is silent before a...

[ɫ]

[ɫ]

[ɫ]All the people fill several halls, it’s incredible! Well, their medal’s official, so we’ll call them, shall we? Previous & Next LessonsRelated Lessons

/l/

/l/

/l/Lonely and lost, Clive left England for Italy. Please close and lock the place quickly, leave your belongings. Previous & Next Lessons← /j/ [ɫ] → Related Lessons

/j/

/j/

/j/ Yes, I usually queue but yesterday I refused.  A few nuisance youths were due on Tuesday. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

/r/

/r/

/r/ Rain is predicted so it’s really risky for the Red Arrows. Rightly or wrongly, rents have increased throughout Britain. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons

/w/

/w/

/w/ Why won’t anyone wish me well on my twentieth? Well, this quote by Wilde is quite wonderful. Previous & Next Lessons Related Lessons